Wolgast Blog

Prioritizing School’s Needs for ESSER Funds

Posted by Cory Sursely on 10/13/2021

EsserFundsThere are so many decisions to make as schools get back to in-person learning and doing everything they can to make school safer, catch students up from remote learning, and expand mental health accommodations, among other needs. School leaders, administrators, and teachers have so much on their plates, oh, and are also dealing with volatile views from parents about how to handle it all.

The CARES Act ESSER Fund is meant to alleviate some of the pressure while making schools cleaner and safer, and allow school leaders to determine how to make in-person or virtual learning more impactful for students at every learning level and socio-economic status. The ESSER Funds are significant funds with some flexibility about how to use them. There is a list of items that can be covered or provided by the U.S. Department of Education and schools can pick and choose how to apply the funds.

Among many other applications, ESSER Funds can be used for replacement of items involving indoor air treatment. Allowable uses include HVAC, doors, windows, flooring, social distancing, and more. Unknown to most, there is a path, albeit narrow, that does allow ESSER to be used for new construction. All uses of funds do need to be approved by the Michigan Department of Education, however.

There are many ways that ESSER funds can be utilized and we are assisting School Districts across the State to strategically make plans to use these one-time allocations so the funds are most impactful.

Wolgast’s Facility Team can help schools to assess their needs. They are former School Superintendents who understand what schools are facing. And should a school’s plan involve their HVAC system, we can help with those building changes.

Call us for a free assessment and we’d be happy help you develop a plan or view our Education Construction Services page to find out more about Wolgast's Construction Management Services.

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Tags: Schools, Construction Management, the Wolgast Way

Your Business Plan and Your Building

Posted by Cory Sursely on 9/14/2021

BusinessPlanA critical element of your business plan is a realistic budget for anticipated expenses, along with possible revenue streams. One of the biggest expenses of a business is the building cost.

Realistic Building Costs

Some businesses can operate anywhere and will be able to easily get a rental cost number to plug into their plan, but other operations need a more robust and well developed idea of a building designed for their particular use. Whether an entrepreneur owns the building or will need modifications to a leased building, they would likely need more information to narrow down the expense. Additionally, the location of an anticipated building can factor in additional costs for taxes, association fees, zoning, utilities, permits, supply chain expense, or even affect foot traffic as a revenue stream; so consulting with a professional Design/Build Contractor that is familiar with the area the owner would like to be, can lead to ideas that may have not been realized before they met with these experts.

While a final building expense won’t be possible without hiring an architect, but if you’re willing to share your anticipated/needed budget, Wolgast’s Business Development and Estimating Teams would be able to let you know if your plans are feasible from a ballpark standpoint, or they may have a solution to get you where you need to be. We’ve been helping doctors, restaurateurs, manufacturers, auto dealers, and other commercial businesses realize their building plans since 1948 and we can do the same for you.

Location, Location, Location!

Finding the best possible location can also be an advantage for your business and should be a part of your plan along with the anticipated revenue streams due to the popular location. A Commercial Real Estate professional can help you narrow down possible options and a Design/Build Contractor can help assess how well each one will work for a business’ needs. Location can certainly boost marketing or customer service strategies including brand awareness, signage/communication with passersby, ease of product or service distribution, foot traffic, and/or parking availability to name a few.

A Few Suggested Research Items

I talked to Wolgast’s Business Development Professional, Dr. Michael Shepard, to see what he would suggest to someone who is working on a business plan. He said, “If you have a piece of property in mind and are anticipating building a new building, it is a good idea to add expense for a property survey”. This is so you know the historical use of the property and if there is any environmental contamination that could make the land too expensive to develop. Additionally, “It’s a good idea to meet with possible financial institutions to see what requirements are needed to get a commercial loan in place”. Finally, Dr. Shepard suggests that you look at established offices, either in person or online, and collect photos of design elements that you like. “This will help to determine the finishes and final usage that they anticipate, which will definitely play a factor in the budget of their future business”.

Useful Business Plan Template

The SBA.gov has a template to create a business plan and also a Startup Costs Worksheet for future entrepreneurs to use. On the Startup Costs Worksheet, they have line items for one-time rent expenses, improvement costs, monthly building costs, and repairs/maintenance costs. All of those items Wolgast can assist an entrepreneur in determining a realistic budget based on well-developed ideas.

Tags: Design/Build, Financing Construction, Good for Business

Patient Flow Optimizes the Design of Your Practice Floorplan

Posted by Cory Sursely on 8/16/2021

When a patient walks through the door of a doctor’s office, whether it’s a family physician, chiropractor, dentist or veterinarian, he or she needs to easily find the check-in area to make his or her attendance known.  Patients may not know that check-in area starts off a whole path that they will follow while receiving treatment through paying their bill, also known as patient flow.

Architects that are specialized in medical office design closely analyze a practice’s patient flow to determine the location of rooms and activity areas in a practice.  An office that is inefficiently designed can cause unnecessary delays or bottlenecks in the care of patients, problems complying with HIPAA regulations, miscommunication among staff members, and possibly a frustrated doctor.  An orderly and well designed patient flow has patients moving in a circular motion, so patients don’t have to back track nor cross paths with other patients.  Doctor and staff are able to easily locate each other to communicate effectively and supply areas are easily accessible by staff members for quick set-up of rooms after each patient visit.

Wolgast Architect and medical office design expert, Rick Keith, offers two design examples, below, based on the size of your practice needs and the patient flow theories behind each.

New Construction of a Small Medical Office Small Medical Office Design

In smaller offices, a single hallway is typically used.  Although not preferable, it reduces the size of the building and the cost of construction.  The hallway should be wide enough that patients can pass each other in opposite directions, especially patients with wheel chairs or walkers.

A check-out alcove should be created so patients stand or sit out of the hallway.  Often, this alcove area is also where personal information may be gathered, if needed, from patients while they’re checking in.  Staff should be careful to avoid having two patients giving personal information at the same time.

 New Construction of a Large Medical Office

Large Medical Office Design 

In a larger office setting it’s desirable to circulate patients one way around a central business/support core.  This circular pattern avoids a bottleneck with personal intake (check-in) and check-out.  It also avoids privacy (HIPAA) issues with patients standing together giving personal information.

At the reception window, it’s preferable for a patient to avoid verbal communication with staff members.  Many offices prefer patients write their name to check-in.  The receptionist then marks through the name to avoid other patients from seeing it.

It’s preferable to have a patient step inside the door separated from the waiting room to give personal information.

Our team wants to design and construct comfortable, relevant and efficient spaces for you to provide patient care.  Please share with us any thoughts you may have about improving your practice.

 

Medical Services

Tags: Medical Office Construction, Design/Build, the Wolgast Way, Dental Office Construction

Four Key Site Selection Factors before Purchasing Commercial Property

Posted by Cory Sursely on 8/10/2021

siteselection.jpgWhen searching for commercial property you can and should rely on your realtor for many key details and features of the site that will benefit your business. That being said, there are details that only a Design/Build partner can help you make a more complete, educated decision. With the Architect and Contractor on the same team, they will review the site together and determine obstacles and costs quickly. Specifically, Design/Build contractors are looking for infrastructure, constructability, and challenges of a site that could potentially add cost to a construction budget or schedule.

Our Site Selection Evaluation services include the following:

  1. Space Availability - for instance, when you contract with a Design/Builder, the team architect will be able to offer building layout options including the appropriate parking lot space needs per ordinance requirements. This will help you determine if the arrangement will work well for you.
  1. Regulatory Restrictions - a search for municipal codes and ordinances that may flag obstacles for your intended use.
  1. Utility Search – your budget will increase if utilities aren’t readily available.
  1. Overcoming Site Challenges - should you discover that the site has challenges; you may be able to make alterations so that it will be suitable for your use. The key to using a Design/Build contractor is that the industry professionals can provide an educated, ballpark estimate to help you make a go or no-go financial decision early in the process. For instance, if you need to clear more of the site than you anticipated, there’s no road to your property, or if the site isn’t level and extensive accommodations need to be made to your foundation, it may still be worth the investment for your business goals or it may be cost prohibitive, but you won’t know without a rough estimate of the associated costs.

By adding a trusted Design/Builder to your team prior to shopping for commercial property, we can walk the site with you, check the background on the property, and provide assistance with your selection process to avoid headaches and unexpected expense.

800-WOLGAST | mshepard@wolgast.com

Inquire Here

Tags: Design/Build, Professional General Contractor, Risk Management

The Best Method to Build Light Commercial & Light Industrial Buildings

Posted by Cory Sursely on 8/4/2021

MetroInfusion3Light Commercial Buildings include (but aren’t limited to) medical practices, dental practices, office buildings, restaurants, banks, auto dealerships, and generally any building that is 25,000 s.f. or less and used for commercial business.

Light Industrial Buildings include, but not limited to (as defined by National Institute of Building Sciences -11/5/19), “space types used for assembly, disassembly, fabricating, finishing, manufacturing, packaging, and repairing or processing of various types of materials…spaces for printing, commercial laundry, film processing, vehicle repair, building maintenance shops, metal work , millwork, cabinetry work” and warehousing. Also the light industrial buildings are typically not over 2 stories tall.

Construction for these types of light buildings are best suited to use Wolgast’s Three Phased Design/Build Services among our construction delivery method options. Projects that are bigger in square feet or that would take a long duration to construct, (typically more than a year) are better suited to use our Construction Management delivery method.

We work with partner Architects that are licensed and highly skilled to create visually attractive and efficiently adept spaces to house either light commercial or light industrial operations. They will meet with the building owner for a needs analysis to determine specific usage and their style to create an elevation and prepare other Preliminary Phase I Documents. We use these documents to determine early cost budgets to present to an owner, so they can make an early and educated decision about their investment.

There is a nominal fee for this early pricing, but during Phase I, much preliminary work is done to advance the speed of the project should the owner decide to move forward to Phase II - Design. The benefit is that the owner doesn’t have to pay for a complete design that ends up being over budget and they will be further ahead in their schedule when it comes to the final design phase. Owners will have solid budget information earlier to determine if the project is feasible than if they used the traditional design/bid/build method.

If the project moves forward, our Design Team completes the full design documents in Phase II – Design along with our Estimators completing final estimating, securing a minimum of two to three bidders for each trade. From here, the owner gets a guaranteed price and completion date. Building owners will know exactly what to expect during construction. This is the biggest benefit of the Design/Build process for light building owners.

This leads to Phase III – Construction. The prior two phases allow us to be ready to start construction with our team, materials and permits already ordered ahead of time. Plus with the Design and Construction Teams working together during the Phase II - Design, plans have already been reviewed and checked for issues translating them into applied Construction. We are solely responsible for getting your light commercial or industrial building completed as expected.

Design/Build is an alternative delivery method to General Construction, which typically takes longer to get through all of design, estimating, permitting, material ordering, and then to construction. With Design/Build an owner of a light commercial or light industrial building gets earlier pricing information, a guaranteed price, and an advocate to complete their building with the most value.

Additionally, companies that typically reside in a light commercial or light industrial building are the same candidates for SBA 504 Loans, which are a great opportunity to fund construction projects. Under this program, the loan requirements include 10% down by the business owner, 40% low interest, fixed loan for 20 year duration by the SBA’s Certified Development Company (CDC), and then 50% from an approved financial institution. Qualifying companies must have been in business for 2 years, have a net worth less than $15M, and an average net income less than $5M. The SBA 504 funding source is designed to assist established, healthy, expanding businesses purchase land, building, machinery or equipment, make land improvements, complete construction activities, or make leasehold improvements.

Michigan Business Owners, call 800-WOLGAST to schedule your free assessment to get your project started or use the link below.

FreeAssessment

Tags: Medical Office Construction, Design/Build, Auto Dealers, Financing Construction, Dental Office Construction, Manufacturing Construction

SBA 504 Provides Easy Financing for Small Business Growth in Michigan

Posted by Cory Sursely on 7/23/2021

ExpansionIt’s not unusual that I encounter potential clients who are expanding and need new space to accommodate their growth, but aren’t able to expend their capital for the down payment on a typical bank loan.

You may not know that for years, small businesses in Michigan have had the SBA 504 program available to them to help make improvements to their business.  With the implementation of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) otherwise known as the Stimulus Package, this program has become the prime lending program for small business expansion in Michigan. Below, I feature some of the details of the program (source:  Michigan Certified Development Corporation). 

SBA 504 Programs are primarily designed to as­sist healthy, expanding businesses that have been in operation for more than 2 years.  Eligibility re­quirements include:
• A tangible net worth of less than $15 million 
• Average net profit, after tax, of less than $5 million for the past 2 years
 
504 programs can be used for the following pur­poses:
• Purchase of land, building, machinery and equipment
• Land improvements
• Renovation or addition to an existing building*
• Construction of a new building
• Leasehold improvements*
*Note – Renovations and Leasehold improvements may be weighted differently and may carry a lower priority. 

Small business advantages:
• Lower down payment: Borrow up to 90% of your financing needs, saving your money for working capital
• Longer repayment terms: Real estate can be fi­nanced for 20 year term
• Low, fixed interest rates for the life of the SBA loan 

The program has been embraced by commercial lenders across the State due to the following ad­vantages:
• Lower risk with a 50% LTV (Loan-to-Value)
• Lender gets first lien position
• 504 loans are eligible for CRA credit
• Streamlined SBA paperwork to complete with approx. two week approval
• 504 loans effectively extend lender limits to serve larger clients
• Ready secondary market for lender’s first mort­gage loan
 

In summary, this program will allow eligible businesses to buy, build, or remodel* commercial and industrial buildings with minimal investment, and yet enjoy the benefits of a fixed, below market interest rate and a 20 year term, with as little as 10% down.

Wolgast Corporation has been a leading provider of commercial construction services throughout the State of Michigan.  We have many resources to help assist you while planning your construction or remodel projects.

TELL US ABOUT YOUR PROJECT

Tags: Professional General Contractor, Financing Construction, Good for Business

How to Design an Office for Patient Centered Medical Home

Posted by Cory Anderson on 7/13/2021

GFPSince the Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) is more of a management model or philosophy, you may not have considered the building design changes that may be necessary to make the conversion.  Below we discuss some of the elements that your PCMH office design should consider.

2021 Updates

We first wrote this blog prior to Covid-19 and the growth of telemedicine and have a few new remodel suggestions for post pandemic medical offices.  While, digital healthcare may remain an option, which could reduce the number of patients coming to your physical location, space in your waiting area as people continue to distance from each other may need a new layout/design.  Also a designated space to conduct your telemedicine calls, especially when bringing in specialists, as part of your PCMH operation, could be helpful for your practice to effectively provide services.

Storage Space

Electronic Medical Records are a key tenet of the PCMH model, however as practices transition into PCMH offices, one could expect to increase file storage requirements due to the added patient education and follow up.  Additionally, you’ll be accumulating the documentation from each visit your patient has with a specialist or key staff member inside or outside your office and therefore your space requirements will need to be addressed in physical space or specially designed spaces, such as climate controlled areas that accommodate computer servers and databases.

Meeting Space

Collaboration is another key of the PCMH model.  Practice doctors and staff members will be having meetings among themselves about their cases as well as consultation meetings with specialists, group meetings held for patients with similar conditions, and patient education sessions.  All of these types of meetings will require private and comfortable space to allow for most optimal conditions for patients, and for easy patient access.

Privacy Measures

With additional files and open areas for communication comes more responsibility for patient privacy and HIPAA compliance.  The design of your building will need to account for the privacy of verbal communication and protection of patient files.

Spare Exam/Treatment Rooms

We have recently completed the construction of a large PCMH office which included in its design additional exam and treatment rooms for visiting specialty doctors, so they can come to the patient rather than having the patient travel to the doctor.  This is a clear benefit to serving your patients with the PCMH model.

Dr. Michael Shepard, M.D., Ph.D., Wolgast Corporation’s medical office development specialist, along with Rick Keith, Wolgast Design Group’s architect experienced in designing for PCMH, can provide insight in the designing of an office remodel or a new building.  Contact Dr. Shepard at 800-965-4278 to discuss the design and construction of your next building.

 

 

Medical Services

Tags: Medical Office Construction, Design/Build, Professional General Contractor, the Wolgast Way, Design

You Have Construction Service Options

Posted by Cory Anderson on 7/6/2021

constructionWhich construction delivery system is best for your project?

There are several unique and distinctive methods for providing construction solutions. As a business owner you have the luxury of selecting the most beneficial and appropriate delivery system for your type of project.

Design/Build

The Owner hires one firm to provide architectural design and construction services in a phased approach.  The design/builder becomes the single-source that is responsible for designing the building, estimating the budget, hiring the subcontractors and coordinating the schedule to ensure the project is completed on time and within budget.

It’s the design/builder’s sole responsibility to complete the project to the client’s satisfaction.  The architect and contractor are the same entity, which eliminates misunderstandings as they collaborate throughout the design process.  The design/builder becomes the owner’s advocate securing multiple bids for each trade and leading them through site planning, permitting, design, value engineering and construction.  The phased approach provides economical/budget information early for the owner to decide if the project is a go or no-go.

Design/build is suitable for busy owners who don't have the time to oversee construction.  It’s also a fast-track method or a fast construction process for projects with a tight schedule.

Construction Management

A construction manager’s (CM) role as part of the project team is to provide estimating and constructability review during design, and cost, time and quality control during construction.  The client establishes their team of architect, CM and owner’s representative at the onset of the building concept.  The architect is responsible for defining the building through drawings and specifications while the CM regulates and monitors the schedule, budget, materials and performance of the subcontractors.  The owner thoroughly informed by these professionals, can then make educated decisions about his or her project.

The owner must be willing to be involved in the process because by using the CM method each trade contract is signed with the owner.  The CM method is most suitable for those who construction is a recurring activity and/or their project is very large, like schools and retail chains.

General Construction

Considered the design/bid/build method, the owner typically already has plans which were prepared by an outside architect/engineer when they seek a general contractor.  They choose their general contractor by one of three methods, 1) negotiating with one or more contractors of their choice, 2) selecting a group of contractors to bid and then accepting the lowest bid, 3) advertising for a broad variety of bids and accepting the lowest.

For clients who have a simple construction project, general construction is likely the appropriate construction solution.  It’s also the right choice when it’s necessary to bid and then build a project based upon completed plans and specifications.  However, this method leaves little room for correction of design or programmatic errors, if any exist.

Leaseback

The contractor finances, builds and leases a new facility back to a qualified owner, allowing him or her to focus on his or her business.  This is the best option for businesses that are faced with the need to expand their floor-space while at the same time minimize the risk involved with tying up capital in construction costs.

Business owners who qualify and currently have all their working capital in their business without a budget for building their new space are candidates for leaseback.  By choosing leaseback, they can move their business to a prime location and get the space tailored to their design needs.  The owner has the option to purchase at a future date when the business warrants the investment.

Still not sure which one works best for you? Call us to discuss your options.  At Wolgast Corporation, all systems are in place to provide the most appropriate delivery method. 

Tags: Medical Office Construction, Design/Build, Professional General Contractor, Schools, Construction Management, the Wolgast Way, Restaurant Construction, Leaseback, Dental Office Construction, Manufacturing Construction

Commercial Building Exterior Remodel Strategy

Posted by Cory Sursely on 6/17/2021

ExteriorWhether a business is a restaurant, office, manufacturing plant, or school, having a building exterior remodel strategy can make a project very efficient and beneficial for a building owner. A plan should include incorporating low maintenance materials, safety elements, easy accessibility, and curb appeal to serve a business well into the future, as well as cut costs, and attract new customers.

Low maintenance material choices, such as fiber cement siding, EIFS, brick, Fullerton Panels or poured concrete, are durable, don’t require painting, or much up-keep in the future. By incorporating a number of these materials, an owner can reduce their maintenance budget and the inconvenience to staff or customers that maintenance crews can create. Additionally, changing to LED lighting and using a combination of uplighting and downlighting can showcase a building and make it more noticeable after hours and be less costly to operate. Even windows and doors are made to be much more efficient over the last decade or more, so depending on when an owner's windows or doors were installed, replacing them could save an owner a lot on energy costs. Choosing hearty perennial plants that can survive many different elements is a great option to keep costs down and elevate curb appeal. Heated sidewalks and heated air at entrances, may not be the most efficient cost wise, but can eliminate bugs entering your building, slips and falls, and less maintenance to keep up with snow removal and wet carpets.

If a business wants to gain more traffic at their building location and/or be inviting and accessible to all types of customers is helpful. Being ADA compliant with your parking lot and entrance is beneficial to gaining new customers if you haven’t had these elements before. Automatic doors, way finding signage, handicap parking near ramps and the building, are all barrier free changes to enhance your building. With changes presented by the pandemic, some businesses could benefit from implementing or enhancing their curbside pickup, too.

It is always good to strategize safety considerations that can help protect staff and clientele. Replacing tall shrubs near an entrance will prevent attackers from hiding and surprising unaware people entering or exiting a building. Installing cameras and again having ample LED lighting can deter attackers from hanging around a building to do unsavory things. And, finally, I’ll include that when guardrails or bollards are strategically placed around a building, as indicated by an architect, it will prevent cars from hazardously entering or hitting your building while protecting the people and materials inside.

Wolgast Corporation is an Employee-Owned Construction Group in Michigan that specializes in commercial construction. We can help you create a strategy and design that will improve your building exterior to be more efficient, long lasting, and attractive. Please contact Michael Shepard to discuss design, strategy, and construction options at 800-WOLGAST or mshepard@wolgast.com

Tags: Energy Savings, Design, Good for Business, Remodel

How to Prepare Your Commercial Building for a Solar Program

Posted by Cory Sursely on 5/4/2021

solar-panel-1Michigan’s solar energy industry is experiencing some confusion right now. For example, under the new federal administration, the outlook for clean energy is a spotlight industry for growth and sustainability, but there are no current solar incentives for commercial buildings or residential structures from the State of Michigan. Additionally, on their Federal Income Tax, businesses can currently claim 26% of the cost of a solar photovoltaic (PV) system if installed during 2020 – 2022. This incentive will reduce to 22% in 2023, and 10% in 2024 and thereafter1. On a positive note, the cost of solar products is down 45%2 and expected to continue going down, and so is the price for lithium batteries for personal storage to be used on cloudy days or during a power outage.

While fossil fuels are considerably less costly, they are expected to keep increasing in cost and are a variable expense for users. Specifically, in Michigan, Consumers Energy has won a Public Service Commission hearing3 to increase their fees as they plan to make infrastructure improvements and clear trees to help minimize power outages. Therefore, solar energy would help manage energy costs and keep them consistent for planning, with a complete payoff as a long term investment. Furthermore, the outlook is that the number of solar energy units nationally are going to increase by 3 times as many over the next decade4.

I’m not really trying to steer you in either direction, however if solar energy is something you’ve been interested in adding to your business, I’ve provided some information below that I researched about what is needed from a building standpoint to make it happen.

It's good to know that the up-front cost of engineering, purchasing, and installing solar panels for commercial building owners can be six figures, but certain solar materials can be depreciated over five years, and the with the cost of solar systems going down each year, it is now expected to be paid off in approximately 8 -12 years.6

According to Duro-Last Roofing’s website7, our reputable, local colleague and roofing specialists, “Rooftops are an excellent place to install solar systems because they are typically unused and unobstructed spaces.” Many commercial buildings have a lot of real estate on their rooftops that is suitable for enough solar panels to significantly reduce energy costs. Alternatively, if a business has adequate property surrounding their building, they have the option of selecting their grounds for the panels.

Even though we are a commercial building expert, we have not had experience with installing solar photovoltaics and advise that you work with a reputable solar engineer when designing your system. However, we want to share with you general requirements of your rooftop and structure to have panels installed by a professional installer. Firstly, most solar systems have a 25-30 year warranty, so it’s critical that your roof is in a condition to also last the same duration. Rooftop repairs will be difficult to make under the panels. The weight per panel, as stated by Judith Shadzi in her article, Commercial Solar Panel Types, Tips, and Pros/Cons of Investing in Solar, is “generally 3 lbs per square foot…a ballasted system will add 4 to 6 lbs <per unit>. If the building was built after 1970, it should support these loads. However, if concerns arise, a structural engineer will review the property.”5 Shadzi’s article, provides a plethora of information discussing system types, cautions, financing options, and more.

Shadzi’s article also instructs that a project starts with a site audit by a solar company to ultimately “recommend a location, orientation, slope of the system, size and energy production”. Then solar engineers design a system plan, which must undergo a state or municipality’s permitting process. Once permits are secured, the solar company can install the panels, which on a rooftop is done by drilling holes “into the rafters in alignment with the solar panel mounts. Thin pieces of metal are then placed over the mounts, preventing water leakage. The panels are attached to the rails and connected together…and to the inverter.” A final inspection is required, then a request is made to connect to your utilities and a monitoring plan is implemented to monitor performance and savings.

The Shadzi article is listed below as a reference and was a considerable resource to developing this article.

1Guide to the Federal Investment Tax Credit for Commercial Solar Photovoltaics, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

2 Michigan Solar, SEIA

3 Crain’s Detroit Business, Michigan Regulators OK $100 Million Rate Hike for Consumers Energy, https://www.crainsdetroit.com/energy/michigan-regulators-ok-100-million-rate-hike-consumers-energy  12/17/20

4 Solar Industry Data, Solar Industry Growing at Record Pace, SEIA

5 Let’s Go Solar, Commercial Solar Panel Types, Tips, and Pros/Cons of Investing in Solar, Judith Shadzi, https://www.letsgosolar.com/solar-panels/commercial-solar-panels/

6 Duro-Last Roofing, Solar Ready Roofing Systems, https://duro-last.com/solar_ready

7 Michigan Solar Solutions, Frequently Asked Questions about Going Solar in Michigan, https://www.michigansolarsolutions.com/education/faqs

Tags: Energy Savings